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Airport Network, Accessibility, Remote regions, Policy options, Shortest Path, European market
The objective of this work is to evaluate the accessibility of European municipalities by air transport. We focus on travels that typically require the use of air transport by computing the quickest paths between any pair of municipalities separated by more than 500 km. The total travel time includes three components: i) travel by car or High Speed Train to reach the origin airport, ii) travel by air from the origin airport to the destination airport, including waiting times when no direct flight is available and iii) travel by car or High Speed Train from the destination airport to the municipality of destination. For each territorial unit, we calculate the population-weighted average travel time to reach any other municipality in Europe.